What is autism?

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

ASD is characterized by varying degrees of difficulty in social interaction and verbal and nonverbal communication, and the presence of repetitive behavior and restricted interests. This means that no two individuals with an ASD diagnosis are the same with respect to how the disorder manifests. However, the severity of the disorder is a reality for all individuals with this diagnosis and their families. Because of the nature of the disability, people with ASD will often not achieve the ability to function independently without appropriate medically necessary treatment.1


What causes autism? What are some signs that my child may have autism?

Get answers these questions at these links: Autism Society and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


If you are concerned about your child’s development, please consult your child’s primary care physician.


How common is autism?

Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014, identify around 1 in 68 American children as on the autism spectrum – a ten-fold increase in prevalence in 40 years. Careful research shows that this increase is only partly explained by improved diagnosis and awareness. Studies also show that autism is four to five times more common among boys than girls. An estimated 1 out of 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States.1, 2



1. Center for Disease Control, www.cdc.gov/

2. Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. (2012). http://www.bacb.com/Downloadfiles/ABA_Guidelines_for _ASD.pdf

3. (2014, January 1). Retrieved August 12, 2014, from www.autismspeaks.org